Blog Archive

Restoring a political process and humanitarian aid delivery in Syria

In view of the continued escalation of the conflict in Syria, Federica Mogherini, High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the European Commission, held a round of telephone conversations today and yesterday with the main international and regional actors. She spoke to the United Nations’ Special Envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura, the US Secretary of State, John Kerry, the Foreign Ministers of Russia, Sergey Lavrov, of Saudi Arabia, Adel al-Jubeir, of Iran, Javad Zarif, and of Turkey, Mevlut Çavusoglu. The High Representative discussed with her interlocutors the need to restore a political process involving key international and regional players, and the ways in which the European Union could facilitate and support this perspective, in coordination with the United Nations. She also discussed the humanitarian initiative launched by the EU to deliver emergency relief to Eastern Aleppo and other besieged areas in Syria and to allow the evacuation of urgent medical cases. The situation in Syria, and the European Union’s work on the humanitarian and on the political track will feature as a major point on the agenda of the Foreign Affairs Council taking place in Luxembourg on Monday, 17...

Federica Mogherini meets with Foreign Minister of Cuba, Bruno Rodriguez

Federica Mogherini, High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the European Commission, met today with the Foreign Minister of Cuba, Bruno Rodriguez, in the margins of the UN General Assembly in New York. The meeting took place just after the European Commission proposed to the Council to sign the Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement and the High Representative asked the Council to repeal the European Union’s common position on Cuba from 1996. Federica Mogherini expressed her confidence that the institutional process towards the approval of both proposals will be swift and smooth, and invited Minister Rodriguez to attend the signing ceremony of the agreement in Brussels, once the procedures will be completed. The HRVP and the Cuban Foreign Minister both affirmed the political will to strengthen cooperation between the European Union and Cuba, to reinforce the longstanding and deep cultural, economic and commercial relations, and to continue the engagement on human rights. They exchanged views on the peace process in Colombia, in view of the signature of the peace agreement on 26 September in Cartagena, concluded during the negotiations that took place in Havana. The High Representative and the Minister also touched upon the political situation in...

Federica Mogherini meets with Foreign Minister of Afghanistan, Salahuddin Rabbani

Federica Mogherini, the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the European Commission, met on Wednesday with the Foreign Minister of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Salahuddin Rabbani, in the margins of the United Nations General Assembly Ministerial Week in New York. Two weeks ahead of the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan, to be co-hosted in Brussels by the European Union and Afghanistan, the HRVP and the Foreign Minister discussed the state of play of preparations and agreed on the need to finalise as soon as possible any outstanding issues related to the preparation of the BCA. Both the High Representative and the Foreign Minister expressed their belief that the conference will confirm continued international support and engagement in Afghanistan’s political and economic stability and development over the coming...

Federica Mogherini meets with Foreign Minister of Iran, Javad Zarif

Federica Mogherini, High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the European Commission, met with Foreign Minister of Iran, Javad Zarif, on the margins of the United Nations General Assembly Ministerial Week in New York today, on the eve of the E3+3 ministerial meeting with Iran on the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action that the High Representative will chair tomorrow. The High Representative and the Iranian Foreign Minister, both members of the International Syria Support Group that will reconvene tomorrow in New York, discussed also at length the latest developments in the conflict in Syria. Finally, Federica Mogherini and Minister Zarif also exchanged views on EU – Iran bilateral...

Federica Mogherini meets with Foreign Minister of Russia, Sergey Lavrov

Federica Mogherini, High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the European Commission, met with Foreign Minister of Russia, Sergey Lavrov, on the margins of the United Nations General Assembly Ministerial Week in New York today. They had an in-depth discussion focusing mainly on the crisis in Syria, in light of the latest developments and following the meeting of UN Security Council, as well as in preparation of the ministerial meeting of the International Syria Support Group that will reconvene tomorrow. The High Representative and the Minister also discussed the situation in Libya ahead of tomorrow’s ministerial meeting, as well as the Middle East Peace Process and the work of the Quartet in light of its meeting later this week. They also exchanged views on the implementation of Minsk agreements. Finally, they touched upon the bilateral EU-Russia...

Joint statement by Federica Mogherini and Commissioner Christos Stylianides on air strikes against UN/Syrian Red Crescent humanitarian aid convoy in Syria

The air strikes against the UN/Syrian Red Crescent humanitarian aid convoy near Aleppo are alarming violations of international humanitarian law. This attack risks to set an unacceptable precedent, jeopardising the safe delivery of humanitarian aid everywhere. We extend our sincere condolences to the SARC and the families of all humanitarian workers killed while doing their precious, invaluable job. We reiterate our call for the full respect of international humanitarian law by all parties to the Syrian conflict and their obligation to ensure the protection of humanitarian aid workers and civilians at all times. We call on all parties to the conflict to refrain from any new attack and respect fully the cessation of hostilities. We call in particular on the Syrian government to cease its air campaign against non-terrorist targets in Aleppo, and to allow the immediate and unhindered resumption of humanitarian access to all besieged areas and in particular to the people of Aleppo. It is critical for the people of Syria that the cessation of hostilities be implemented, respected and prolonged. As members of the International Syria Support Group the EU calls on the co-chairs, and on all other regional and international actors that are part of the ISSG, to respect and implement the truce and to exert their influence on all parties to the conflict to do the same, committing to a political transition in Syria in accordance with the UNSC resolution 2254. To this end, the EU is intensifying its work in these days within the ISSG, with the UN Special Envoy Staffan de Mistura, and through its contacts with Syrian parties and regional...

Federica Mogherini met with the Foreign Minister of the People’s Republic of China, Wang Yi

Federica Mogherini, the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the European Commission, met on Sunday with the Foreign Minister of the People’s Republic of China Wang Yi on the margins of the United Nations’ General Assembly Ministerial Week in New York. HRVP Mogherini and Minister Wang discussed the shared global responsibility of managing migration and the large movements of refugees, and the commitment of both sides to swiftly and fully implement the 2030 Agenda. In this respect, the High Representative presented to minister Wang the new External Investment Plan adopted by the European Commission last week to support investment in our partner countries in Africa and the European Neighbourhood that by contributing to the development will also address the root causes of migration. The HRVP and the Chinese Foreign Minister had also an exchange of views on the situation in Syria and on the need for the parties to respect the cessation of hostilities agreed one week ago, precondition for a political process leading to a sustainable and durable solution to the conflict. On the agenda of the meeting was also the upcoming Brussels Conference on Afghanistan to be held in early October. HRVP Mogherini underlined the key role China can play at the conference. They agreed on the urgency to work on a national reconciliation process that can lead to a secure and stable future for the country. HRVP Mogherini and Minister Wang discussed the state of play of the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran in view of the ministerial meeting the High Representative will chair later this week. Finally,...

«Nessuno Stato vincerà da solo. Su Esteri e Difesa ora c’è una linea comune». Intervista al Corriere della Sera

Intervista di Paolo Valentino «Non è una novità che tra gli Stati membri ci siano posizioni diverse, anche profondamente diverse, su temi come la crescita economica o l’immigrazione. Eppure c’è anche un terreno che ha tenuto a Bratislava, anzi si è consolidato, ed è quello della politica estera e di difesa comune. Sulla difesa abbiamo iniziato a costruire un nuovo assetto, sulla base di una politica estera che, a dispetto di certe semplificazioni, divisa non è». Federica Mogherini reagisce dura, quando le chiedo perché dovrebbe funzionare un ministro degli Esteri della Ue, in assenza di una vera politica estera comune. È stato Jean Claude Juncker a lanciare l’idea di un ministro degli Esteri, nel discorso sullo stato dell’Unione nel quale peraltro il presidente della Commissione ha elogiato il lavoro dell’Alto rappresentante per la politica estera. Non mi pare che sulla Russia ci sia una linea comune… «Abbiamo rinnovato le sanzioni due giorni fa all’unanimità. Il nostro lavoro con Mosca su Siria e Medio Oriente lo faccio a nome dei 28, senza mai alcun problema. La riapertura di canali di dialogo per noi essenziali l’abbiamo decisa tutti insieme. Ma è vero anche su tutti gli altri temi. Bisogna smettere di raffigurare divisioni anche dove non ci sono. A me non interessa che ci siano dichiarazioni diverse entrando al Consiglio, ma che ne usciamo con una linea politica comune. E questo sulla politica estera negli ultimi due anni è sempre avvenuto perché sappiamo che soltanto uniti possiamo avere influenza nel mondo. Credo che Juncker, e lo ringrazio per questo, volesse richiamare gli Stati membri a continuare a lavorare per rafforzare l’immagine...

“Dopo Brexit niente più scuse, ora può nascere la Difesa europea”. Intervista a La Repubblica

Intervista di Andrea Bonanni Federica Mogherini ha poco più di quarant’anni, ma insegue un sogno molto più vecchio di lei. “Per la prima volta dopo il fallimento della Ced, nel 1954, credo che si sia aperta una finestra di opportunità per dare vita ad una Difesa europea”, spiega l’Alto rappresentante per la politica estera e di sicurezza della Ue, che tra poco presenterà il suo progetto ai capi di governo al vertice di Bratislava. Di un fantomatico esercito europeo si parla da decenni, ma non si è mai fatto molto. Perché adesso è così ottimista? “È bene chiarire che non parliamo di esercito europeo, ma di Difesa europea: qualcosa che possiamo davvero fare, concretamente, da subito. A giugno, all’indomani del referendum britannico favorevole alla Brexit, ho presentato ai leader europei la mia proposta di “Global Strategy”, che va dalla politica estera a quella di sicurezza e di difesa. È stata una scelta di tempi consapevole. Volevo mandare il messaggio che, nonostante la defezione britannica, l’Europa può e deve andare ancora più avanti nel processo di integrazione. Nel dibattito che la proposta ha aperto nelle capitali è emerso un consenso generalizzato sulla necessità di avanzare in questo campo. Mi sembra un cambiamento epocale. Dopo che negli anni Cinquanta era fallito il progetto della Ced, la Comunità europea di difesa, molti governi si erano convinti che quello militare fosse uno degli ultimi baluardi della sovranità nazionale”. E invece? “Invece, se si guarda ai sondaggi di opinione, le preoccupazioni principali degli europei sono due: economia e sicurezza. Ma la sicurezza interna implica anche una dimensione esterna, una capacità di difesa. E questo...

Statement by Federica Mogherini on the announcement of an agreement between the Government of Colombia and the FARC-EP on a definitive and final peace agreement

The announcement of a final peace agreement today in Havana between the FARC-EP and the Government of Colombia is reason for celebration. It is an historic and unique opportunity for peace in Colombia, which follows a long negotiation requiring great political will and perseverance. I had a telephone conversation today with President Santos, who informed me of the historic developments. I pay tribute to his political leadership and vision, to the negotiating teams, to Cuba and Norway as guarantors, as well as to Venezuela and Chile as facilitating countries. It is now for the Colombian people to decide on their own future through the plebiscite. Many challenges lie ahead in the implementation of the agreement, which should pave the way for lasting peace in the country and be based on genuine national reconciliation and justice. It should also bring truth and reparations to the victims, who have endured so much loss and pain throughout the years of conflict. The European Union has supported Colombia since the beginning of the peace process and will continue to stand by it during the post-conflict phase. I want to personally express all our support to the political courage which is needed to make peace and guarantee to Colombia that the European Union will continue to be at its side in this historic process. As I announced to President Santos in Bogota during my visit on 25-26 May, the European Union will provide support to the implementation of the peace process with an overall package of € 575 million. Together with the Government we are already preparing new projects, which include peace education in the context...

Comunicato stampa sul terremoto in Italia centrale

L’Alto rappresentante per la Politica estera e di Sicurezza dell’Unione Europea, Federica Mogherini, ha avuto oggi un colloquio telefonico con il Presidente della Repubblica italiana, Sergio Mattarella.  Mogherini ha espresso al Presidente il suo dolore personale e quello manifestatole dai suoi colleghi europei per il devastante bilancio del terremoto della notte scorsa nell’Italia centrale.  Tutta l’Europa è partecipe della sofferenza degli italiani e si è subito mobilitata con offerte di aiuto, ha sottolineato Mogherini.  La Commissione, ha spiegato al Presidente, ha già risposto alle prime richieste arrivate dall’Italia ed è pronta a mettere a disposizione tutte le risorse e gli strumenti previsti in queste...

Statement by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini and Commissioner Johannes Hahn on the adoption of judicial reform in Albania

Today the Parliament of the Republic of Albania adopted unanimously constitutional amendments which constitute provisions for a deep and comprehensive judicial reform. We congratulate the people of Albania, their leadership and all political forces who showed the maturity and responsibility to make this historical decision. This unprecedented step addresses a longstanding request by the overwhelming majority of the citizens for justice that is accountable, independent and transparent. It is also a major contribution to the fight against corruption and organised crime. These are all key priorities for Albania on its path towards integration into the EU. Now it is important that the implementation of the reform starts immediately, with the view that the people of Albania are served by a justice system that is firmly based on European...

Statement by Federica Mogherini and Commissioner Johannes Hahn on the declaration of the State of Emergency in Turkey

We are following the developments regarding the State of Emergency Turkey has declared after the attempted coup, which the European Union condemned, very closely and with concern. This declaration comes in the wake of the recent unacceptable decisions on the education system, judiciary and the media. As outlined in the conclusions of the Council and in the discussion of the European Commission this week, we call on Turkish authorities to respect under any circumstances the rule of law, human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the right of all individuals concerned to a fair trial. The declaration of State of Emergency gives the executive far reaching powers to govern by decree. Under the terms of the Turkish Constitution, core fundamental rights shall be inviolable even in the State of Emergency. President Erdogan stated that the measure will in no way affect democracy, the rule of law or fundamental freedoms. We indeed expect that they will be fully respected, and that the authorities will act with restraint, as outlined clearly by the European Union in the Council conclusions on 18 July. Any temporary suspension of the European Convention of Human Rights needs to follow the rules foreseen for such a derogation. The EU will continue to monitor the situation very closely, including the practical implications of the State of Emergency. We expect the parliament and all forces represented in the democratic institutions of the country to play their constitutional role at...

Federica Mogherini met with Prime Minister designate of Serbia Aleksandar Vučić

Federica Mogherini, High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of European Commission, met today with the Prime Minister designate of Serbia, Aleksandar Vučić. Following Monday’s Intergovernmental Conference where Serbia opened two crucial chapters in the accession negotiations – Chapters 23, Judiciary and fundamental rights and 24, Justice, Freedom and Security -, the High Representative and the Prime Minister welcomed this important progress on Serbia’s path towards the European Union. Both chapters are required to be tackled early in the enlargement process in order to allow Serbia to start developing a solid track record of reform implementation in the rule of law area. HRVP Mogherini and Prime Minister Vučić also discussed the EU facilitated dialogue between Belgrade and Pristina, in particular the current state of implementation of agreements reached. They agreed on the need to see the agreements reached in the dialogue implemented as soon as possible. They have also discussed future work in the framework of the dialogue for normalisation of relations between Serbia and...

“Ankara non alimenti spirale di violenza.” Intervista ad ANSA e AGI

Il tentato golpe in Turchia “ha tenuto per diverse ore il mondo con il fiato sospeso: sembrava di essere tornati indietro nel tempo, a un altro secolo”. È la prima osservazione dell’alto rappresentante Federica Mogherini, in una intervista alle agenzie italiane ANSA e AGI di ritorno dal vertice Asia-Ue di Ulan Bator, i cui lavori sono stati punteggiati dall’attacco di Nizza rivendicato dall’Isis e dal tentato colpo di stato in Turchia. Mogherini è stata la prima a prendere posizione, lanciando subito su Twitter un chiaro appello contro il golpe. “Col presidente Juncker e il presidente Tusk – racconta – ci siamo immediatamente coordinati coi paesi Ue presenti per dare un messaggio di sostegno alle istituzioni democratiche del paese. Ho convocato una riunione dei ministri presenti al Summit e il punto sarà in agenda lunedì in Consiglio Esteri a Bruxelles, anche nella colazione con John Kerry, perché ciò che sta accadendo ancora in queste ore continua a richiedere tutta la nostra attenzione. Ora è indispensabile che il Paese ritrovi stabilità, che non si alimenti ulteriormente una pericolosa spirale di violenza, che va fermata. Rispetto della legge, dello stato di diritto e confronto democratico sono principi inderogabili e irrinunciabili. E sono anche il modo migliore per affrontare le difficoltà che la Turchia vive, con la guerra ai confini, il dramma del terrorismo e la necessità di rafforzare la coesione sociale e il dialogo politico al proprio interno. Questo chiediamo alla Turchia di oggi”. La strage di Nizza, rivendicata dall’Isis, è stato il quarto grave attacco in Europa in 18 mesi. Anche il terrorismo è tornato nell’agenda del Consiglio esteri. “Il primo pensiero...

Ulaanbataar declaration on Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) into the third decade

We, Heads of State and Government from ASEM partner countries, the President of the European Council, the President of the European Commission and the Secretary-General of ASEAN gathered in Ulaanbaatar on 15-16 July 2016 for the 11th ASEM Summit to celebrate the 20th Anniversary of ASEM under the theme of “20 Years of ASEM: Partnership for the Future through Connectivity” and to chart the future course of ASEM into its third decade. We are encouraged that ASEM has enlarged from 26 partners to 53 over the last twenty years, and it has proven both its vitality and relevance as an important and unique platform for dialogue and cooperation between Asia and Europe. ASEM has been and continues to be an important factor in shaping the global setting in the 21st century through making its contribution to sustained peace, security, stability, economic recovery and to responding to global and regional challenges. We recognize the contributions that ASEM has made in: – Fostering greater understanding between Asia and Europe; – Broadening political dialogue, enhancing economic cooperation and increasing socio-cultural exchanges; – Deepening Asia-Europe inter-connectedness, shaping and forging links and mutually beneficial, multi-layered cooperation for peace and development; – Creating opportunities for broader people-to-people connections, including through the Asia-Europe Foundation (ASEF); – Addressing the challenges faced by both regions as well as at the inter-regional and global levels; – Promoting effective multilateralism and strengthening other multilateral processes. We are committed to taking the ASEM process forward in an open and evolutionary manner, building upon past experiences, promoting greater connectivity and more focused cooperation between Asia and Europe. We reaffirm that the ASEM process should...

Press release on the situation in Turkey

The High Representative Federica Mogherini conveyed an urgent meeting of EU member states Foreign ministers and their representatives, currently in Ulaanbataar for the Asem summit, to assess the situation in Turkey and coordinate political messages and support to European Union’s citizens in Turkey. They expressed support to the democratic institutions of the country and condemned the use of violence against them. They agreed that any escalation of violence involving civilians has to be avoided. The ministers will meet again in Brussels for the Foreign Affairs Council, and will discuss again the situation in Turkey at that occasion. The HRVP spoke with Turkish Foreign minister, Mevlut Cavusoglu, and has been in contact in these hours with other Foreign ministers and with NATO Secretary General, Jens...

Statement by the President of the European Commission, the President of the European Council, and the EU High Representative on behalf of the EU Member States present at the ASEM Summit on the situation in Turkey

Turkey is a key partner for the European Union. The EU fully supports the democratically elected government, the institutions of the country and the rule of law. We call for a swift return to Turkey’s constitutional order. We continue to follow closely the developments and to coordinate with the 28 EU Member...

Statement of ASEM Leaders on International Terrorism – Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

We, the Heads of State and of Government of Asia and Europe, the President of the European Council, President of the European Commission, and the Secretary General of ASEAN, meeting in Ulaanbaatar on 15-16 July 2016, reiterated our strong unequivocal condemnation of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations committed by whomever, wherever and for whatever purposes. Following the recent terrorist attacks in Europe and Asia and in many other places, as we have seen in Nice a few hours before our Summit, we strongly condemn the heinous and cowardly terrorist attacks perpetrated, resulting in the unacceptable loss of innocent lives and countless injuries. We express our deep sympathy and condolences to the families of the victims, to the people and to the governments of various countries which have suffered from terrorist attacks resulting in the loss of innocent lives. We reaffirm our commitment to join forces to fight the plague of terrorism and underline the need to bring to justice those responsible for the attacks in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and other obligations under international...

Declaration by Federica Mogherini on behalf of the EU on the one year anniversary of the JCPOA

One year after the conclusion of the landmark deal on Iran’s nuclear programme agreed in Vienna, the European Union is pleased to note that the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) is being implemented. This demonstrates that with political will, perseverance and multilateral diplomacy, workable solutions can be found to the most difficult problems. The European Union will continue to actively support the full and effective implementation of the JCPOA throughout the lifetime of the agreement, as well as the UNSC Resolution 2231. The EU and its Member States underline the need for Iran to strictly adhere to all its commitments under the JCPOA and to continue to cooperate fully and in a timely manner with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). They also call upon Iran to refrain from activities that are inconsistent with UNSC Resolution 2231. The European Union confirms the support to the High Representative’s coordinating role of the Joint Commission foreseen under the agreement and calls for assistance to the IAEA in its responsibility to monitor and verify Iran’s nuclear-related commitments. The upholding of commitments by all sides is a necessary condition to rebuild trust and allow for steady and gradual improvement in relations between the European Union, its Member States and Iran as stated by the July 2015 Foreign Affairs Council. The European Union notes that its sanctions-related commitments under the JCPOA have been fulfilled in accordance with the agreed implementation plan. On Implementation Day (16 January 2016), when the International Atomic Energy Agency verified that Iran had implemented its nuclear-related commitments, economic and financial nuclear-related sanctions were lifted. On the same day, a...